Mass shootings in the USA
2018 research by City Mayors

ON THIS PAGE: Gun massacres in schools and churches: Report from states and cities ||| Table 1: Deadliest mass shootings this century ||| Table 2: US states with highest ratio of mass shootings ||| Table 3: Mass shootings in US states ||| Table 4: Mass shootings in selected US cities ||| Data source & methodology |||



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Massacres in schools and churches
will not change America’s gun culture

Latest research and reports
from US cities and states


3 December 2018: Deadly shootings in schools, churches or shopping malls do not deter Americans from buying and owning guns. Research by the Pew Research Center, conducted in 2017, reveals that some 30 per cent of American adults own at least one gun, with another 11 per cent living with someone who does.

According to Pew, gun ownership is more common among men than women, and white men are particularly likely to be gun owners. Among those living in rural areas, 46 per cent say they are gun owners, compared with 28 per cent of those who live in the suburbs and 19 per cent in urban areas. There are also significant differences across parties, with Republican and Republican-leaning independents more than twice as likely as Democrats and those who lean Democratic to say they own a gun (44% vs. 20%).

Gun ownership is particularly strong among white men who did not go to college. The Pew researchers found that about three-in-ten adults with a high school diploma or less say they own a gun, while only a quarter of those with a bachelor’s degree or more say the same.

America’s gun culture will not change. Since America did nothing after 20 primary school children and six adults were massacred at Sandy Hook (Connecticut) in December 2012, there is little hope that this year’s mass killings will change the country’s fascination with guns or its quasi-religious belief in the US Constitution’s Second Amendment. On 14 February 2018, 17 students were shot dead at a high school in Parkland, Florida by a 19-year old teenager, using the same type of gun that was used at Sandy Hook, while on 18 May 2018, a 17-year old student shot dead 10 people and wounded 13 others at Santa Fe High School (Houston) Texas. In October 2018, 11 synagogue goers were shot dead in Pittsburgh, PA.

Between 1 January 2018 and the end of November, some 13,400 people were killed by guns in the US. The number of 12 to 17 year old teenagers shot dead or injured stood at 2,600, while 324 mass shootings occurred. The states with the highest ratio of mass shooting incidents include Washington DC, Alabama and Illinois.

America’s deadliest mass shooting this century occurred in October 2017 in Las Vegas where a lone gunman opened fire on concertgoers, killing 58 and injuring more than 500.


Deadliest mass shootings
in the US this century

Location
Date
No of dead
Description
Las Vegas, NV 1 October 2017
58
Stephen Paddock opened gunfire on 22,000 concertgoers. Police believes Paddock killed himself and acted alone
Orlando, FL 12 June 2016
49
Omar Saddiqui Mateen opens fire inside Pulse, a gay nightclub. Killed by police.
Blackburg, VA 16 April 2007
32
23-year-old student Seung-Hui Cho, goes on a shooting spree killing 32 people in two locations. He shooter then commits suicide.
Newtown, CT 14 December 2012
27
Adam Lanza, 20, guns down 20 children, ages six and seven, and six adults, school staff and faculty, before turning the gun on himself. Police later find Adam's mother, dead from a gunshot wound.
Sutherland Springs, TX 5 November 2017
25 and one unborn child
Devin Kelley opens fire on a church congregation. He was later found dead.
Parkland, FL 14 February 2018
17
19-year old Nikolas Cruz has been charged with 17 counts of murder at a high school.
San Bernadino, FL 2 December 2015
14
Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik open fire on an employee gathering taking place at Inland Regional Center
Binghampton, NY 3 April 2009
13
Jiverly Wong kills 13 people at an immigrant community center
Thousand Oaks, CA 7 November 2018
12
The gunman shot an unarmed security guard outside a bar and then went inside and continued shooting
Washington Navy Yard, DC 16 September 2013
16
Aaron Alexis, 34, kills 12 and is also killed
Aurora, CO 20 July 2012
12
24-year old James Holmes kills 12 inside cinema, using AR-15 rifle
Squirrel Hill, Pittsburgh, PA 27 October 2018
11
46-year old Robert Bowers killed 11 at the Tree of Life Synagogue
Santa Fe, TX 18 May 2018
10
17-year old Dimitrios Pagourtziskills eight students and two teachers at Santa Fe High School
Kinston, AL 10 March 2009
10
The shooter kills 10 people and himself. The dead include his mother, grandparents, aunt and uncle
Roseburg, OR 1 October 2015
9
The gunman kills shoots and kills nine people at a community college. He dies after a gun battle with police
Charleston, SC 17 June 2015
9
Dylann Roof, 21, Methodist Episcopal Church. He told police he wanted to start a race war.
Red Lake, MN 21 March 2005
9
16-year old Jeff Weise kills his grandfather and another adult, five students, a teacher and a security officer. He then kills himself.

America is in a league of its own when it comes to school shootings. Since 2009, there have been some 288 such incidents in the US. During the same period, Canada and France reported two school shootings each and Germany one. None occurred in the other three G7-countries, Japan, Italy and the UK.

Between 1 January 2018 the end of November, some 13,400 people were killed by guns in the US. The number of 12 to 17 year old teenagers shot dead or injured stood at 2,600, while 324 mass shootings occurred. The states with the highest ratio of mass shooting incidents include Washington DC, Alabama and Illinois. Across the US, there have been almost one mass shooting per one million people in 2018.


US states with the highest ration of mass shootings
(per one million people, by 18 November 2018)
State
No of incidents
No of deaths
No of injured
Population (millions)
Mass shootings per 1 million
1
Washington DC
6
2
23
2
3.00
2
Alabama
14
10
53
4.9
2.86
3
Illinois
35
21
150
12.8
2.73
4
Tennessee
17
17
65
6.7
2.54
5
Louisiana
11
12
45
4.7
2.34
6
Arkansas
6
7
17
3
2.00
7
Missouri
11
12
37
6.1
1.80
8
Nebraska
3
1
16
1.9
1.58
9
Pennsylvania
17
31
59
12.8
1.33
10
Florida
27
46
117
21
1.29
11
Oklahoma
5
2
19
3.9
1.28
12
Maryland
7
13
22
6.1
1.15
13
New Jersey
10
4
54
9
1.11
14
Colorado
6
7
20
5.6
1.07
15
Indiana
7
7
25
6.7
1.04
16
Delaware
1
5
0
1
1.00
17
Mississippi
3
1
17
3
1.00
18
Nevada
3
0
14
3
1.00
US
314
690
2507
325.7
0.96


There have been very few suggestions to re-write the Second Amendment, which supposedly guarantees every American citizen the right to keep and bear arms: “A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.” While in most cases before it, the US Supreme Court sided with the gun lobby’s interpretation of the Second Amendment, some scholars argue that its authors meant to say that citizens had the right to form and join armed militias to defend themselves against enemies.

By the middle of November 2018, some 314 mass shootings were reported in the US. The states with the highest number of incidents include Illinois (35), California (32), and Florida (27). Cities with the highest number of mass shootings are Chicago (28), Philadelphia (9), Saint Louis (8), Memphis (8) and New Orleans (7).


Mass shootings in US states
(from 1 January 2018 to 18 November 2018)
State
No of incidents
No of deaths
No of injured
Population (millions)
Mass shootings per 1 million
Alabama
14
10
53
4.9
2.86
Arizona
2
4
5
7
0.29
Arkansas
6
7
17
3
2.00
California
32
4
125
39.5
0.81
Colorado
6
7
20
5.6
1.07
Connecticut
2
0
8
3.6
0.56
Delaware
1
5
0
1
1.00
Florida
27
46
117
21
1.29
Georgia
8
8
29
10.4
0.77
Illinois
35
21
150
12.8
2.73
Indiana
7
7
25
6.7
1.04
Kansas
2
1
7
2.9
0.69
Kentucky
4
7
25
4.5
0.89
Louisiana
11
12
45
4.7
2.34
Maryland
7
13
22
6.1
1.15
Massachusetts
1
0
4
6.9
0.14
Michigan
8
10
28
10
0.80
Minnesota
3
1
14
5.6
0.54
Mississippi
3
1
17
3
1.00
Missouri
11
12
37
6.1
1.80
Nebraska
3
1
16
1.9
1.58
Nevada
3
0
14
3
1.00
New Jersey
10
4
54
9
1.11
New Mexico
2
5
4
2.1
0.95
New York
12
5
48
19.8
0.61
North Carolina
10
13
34
10.3
0.97
Ohio
9
9
41
11.7
0.77
Oklahoma
5
2
19
3.9
1.28
Pennsylvania
17
31
59
12.8
1.33
South Carolina
4
5
17
5
0.80
Tennessee
17
17
65
6.7
2.54
Texas
15
26
62
28.3
0.53
Utah
1
0
4
3.1
0.32
Virginia
4
2
17
8.5
0.47
Washington
3
3
19
7.4
0.41
Washington DC
6
2
23
2
3.00
Wisconsin
3
1
12
5.8
0.52
USA
314
690
2507
325.7
0.96


Mass shootings in selected US cities
(from 1 January 2018 to 18 November)
City
Incidents
Deaths
Injured
Atlanta, GA
2
6
3
Aurora, CO
2
3
6
Bakersfield, CA
2
7
4
Baltimore, MD
3
0
14
Birmingham, AL
1
0
7
Baton Rouge, LA
1
3
1
Bloomington, IL
2
5
3
Buffalo, NY
2
3
6
Chicago, IL
28
13
126
Cincinnati, OH
2
4
6
Cleveland, OH
4
4
21
Dallas, TX
2
0
11
Detroit, MI
4
10
10
Houston, TX
2
1
7
Indianapolis
3
5
9
Jacksonville. FL
5
7
23
Jersey City, NJ
2
1
8
Las Vegas, NV
3
0
14
Los Angeles, CA
5
7
19
Memphis, TN
8
5
38
Miami, FL
2
2
6
Minneapolis, MN
3
1
14
Nashville, TN
2
4
6
New Orleans, LO
7
9
30
Oakland, CA
3
3
11
Oklahoma City, OK
2
1
7
Omaha, Nebraska
3
1
14
Orlando, FL
4
7
13
Philadelphia, PA
9
9
32
Saint Louis, MO
8
8
27
San Antonio, TX
3
0
13
San Bernadino, CA
2
1
11
San Francisco, CA
3
3
14
Trenton, NJ
2
1
23
Washngton, DC
6
2
20


Source of raw data: Gun Violence Archive (GVA). Gun Violence Archive is an online archive of gun violence incidents collected from over 1,200 media, government and commercial sources daily in an effort to provide near-real time data about the results of gun violence. Gun Violence Archive (GVA) is a not-for-profit corporation formed in 2013 to provide free online public access to accurate information about gun-related violence in the United States. GVA collects and checks for accuracy, comprehensive information about gun-related violence in the US. Additional raw data was obtained from Pew Research, CNN and other sources.

• Mass shootings are defined as shooting incidents of four or more killed or injured, not including the shooter(s).

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