Thom Mayne, founder of Morphosis and winner of the 2005 Pritzker Prize
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2005 Pritzker Prize
2004 Pritzker Prize
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Architect of hard-edged designs
awarded the 2005 Pritzker Prize
By Renato Pesci, Built Environment Editor
22 March 2005: Thom Mayne, the Californian architect known for his uncompromising designs, has been awarded the 2005 Pritzker Prize, the world’s most prestigious architectural award. Mr Mayne founded his firm Morphosis in 1972 to surpass the bounds of traditional forms and materials, while also working to carve out a territory beyond the limits of modernism and postmodernism. When told the news, he said his first reaction was shock. "When you run a cultural and artistic practice, as we do, instead of just a business, you never know where it's going to lead." The prize carries with it a $100,000 grant.
2004 Pritzker Prize | 2006 Pritzker Prize |
The Pritzker Architecture Prize was established by The Hyatt Foundation in 1979 to honour annually a living architect whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision, and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built environment through the art of architecture. It has often been described as the Nobel prize of architecture.
The prize takes its name from the Pritzker family, whose international business interests are headquartered in Chicago. They have long been known for their support of educational, social welfare, scientific, medical and cultural activities. Jay A Pritzker, who founded the prize with his wife, Cindy, died in 1999. His eldest son, Thomas J Pritzker has become president of The Hyatt Foundation. In 2004, Chicago celebrated the opening of Millennium Park, in which a music pavilion designed by Pritzker Laureate Frank Gehry was dedicated and named after the founder of the prize.
The field of architecture was chosen by the Pritzker family because of their keen interest in building due to their involvement with developing the Hyatt Hotels around the world; also because architecture was a creative endeavour not included in the Nobel Prizes. The procedures were modelled after the Nobels, with the final selection being made by the international jury with all deliberations and voting in secret.
Nominations are accepted from all nations; from government officials, writers, critics, academicians, fellow architects, architectural societies, or industrialists, virtually anyone who might have an interest in advancing great architecture. The prize is awarded irrespective of nationality, race, creed, or ideology.
Mayne’s most recent built works to capture major media attention include the Caltrans District 7 Headquarters and the Science Education Resource Center/Science Center School, both completed in 2004 in Los Angeles.
Two major competitions in New York City were also recently awarded to Thom Mayne’s firm: the New Academic Building for The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art; and the NYC2012 Olympic Village, a project in association with NYC’s bid for the 2012 Olympics.
Mayne’s most recent commission, granted in March 2005 as the result of a winning competition design is for the new Alaska State Capitol building to be constructed in Juneau, Alaska. On the world stage, he has the Hypo Alpe-Adria Center in Klagenfurt, Austria; the ASE Design Center in Taipei, Taiwan; the Sun Tower in Seoul, South Korea; and a Social Housing project slated for completion next year in Madrid, Spain.
Throughout his career, Mayne has remained active in the academic world. He currently holds a tenured professorship at the University of California in Los Angeles and is a founder of the influential and progressive Southern California Institute of Architecture. He has been a visiting professor and/or lecturer at institutions and universities around the world.
In announcing the jury’s choice, Thomas J Pritzker, president of The Hyatt Foundation, said when this prize was founded in 1979, Thom Mayne had just received his Master of Architecture degree from Harvard the year before. “The intervening years have seen 28 Laureates chosen. Thom Mayne is the twenty-ninth, and only the eighth American to be so honoured,” he added.
Lord Palumbo, in his first year as Pritzker Jury Chairman, spoke of the jury’s choice: “Every now and then an architect appears on the international scene, who teaches us to look at the art of architecture with fresh eyes, and whose work marks him out as a man apart in the originality and exuberance of its vocabulary, the richness and diversity of its palette, the risks undertaken with confidence and brio, the seamless fusion of art and technology.”
American Frank Gehry, in his capacity as Pritzker Juror, said that he was thrilled that the new laureate hailed from my part of the world. “I’ve known him for a long time, watched him grow into a mature and, I like to say, ‘authentic’ architect. He continues to explore and search for new ways to make buildings useable and exciting,” Frank Gehry explained.
Morphosis is now home to forty architects and designers, and Thom Mayne is firmly committed to the practice of architecture as a collective enterprise. He said that an architect operated more as a director does than as a painter or a sculptor. “Architects have to focus the energy of a large group of people on a common obsession. The architect has to know a little bit about everything. It is a generalist discipline not a discipline for the specialist.” Not surprisingly, the products of Morphosis range from designs for watches and teapots to homes to large-scale civic buildings and other urban design and planning schemes that aim to reshape entire cities.
Morphosis project: Diamond Ranch High School, Diamond Bar, Southern California
Previous Pritzker Prize winners
Philip Johnson, USA
Luis Barragán, Mexico
James Stirling, UK
Kevin Roche, USA
Ieoh Ming Pei, USA
Richard Meier, USA
Hans Hollein, Austria
Gottfried Böhm, Germany
Kenzo Tange, Japan
Gordon Bunshaft, USA and Oscar Niemeyer, Brazil
Frank O. Gehry, USA
Aldo Rossi, Italy
Robert Venturi, USA
Alvaro Siza, Portugal
Fumihiko Maki, Japan
Christian de Portzamparc, France
Tadao Ando, Japan
Rafael Moneo, Spain
Sverre Fehn, Norway
Renzo Piano, Italy
Norman Foster, UK
Rem Koolhaas, Netherlands
Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, Switzerland
Glenn Murcutt. Australia
Jørn Utzon. Denmark
Zaha Hadid, UK