City Mayors Foundation

Cities are shaping today's social, cultural, economic and technological agendas. They compete, learn from each other and act together. The City Mayors Foundation was established in 2003 to promote, campaign for and facilitate good, open and strong local government. The World Mayor Project has been honouring outstanding mayors since 2004.


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ON OTHER PAGES
World Mayor
• The 2018 World Mayor Honours List

Economics
The ups and downs of Amazon’s search for a second headquarter
• Guide to richest and most expensive cities
• Most expensive cities
• Richest cities
• Most powerful cities
• Big Mac Guide

Society
Corrupt US mayors pose a threat to decency in society
In the US, cities lead in fighting poverty

Development
Spatial Planning in the USA: Economic growth is of paramount importance

Statistics
• Largest cities in the world (1 to 150)
• Largest cities in the world (151 to 300)
• A to Z to largest cities in the world
• Countries with the largest cities in the world
• Introduction to largest cities in the world

Government
Women in US local government
World Mayors and politics
• Voter turnout - an international comparison
Mayors in Europe and their powers (2018)

Politics
• US Mayors running for President
Largest cities in the world and their mayors (2017)
Largest cities with women mayors (2017)
Capital cities and their mayors (2017)

Finance
Salaries of German mayors
Salaries of British mayors
• Salaries of Japanese mayors

Mayors
Belgian Mayors (2019)
British Mayors (2019)
Canadian Mayors (2019)
French Mayors (2017)
German mayors (2018)
Italian mayors (2018)
Japanese mayors (2019)
Polish mayors (2017)
Spanish mayors (2018)
US mayors (2019)




In local elections, held on 2 June 2019, candidates of Greece’s conservative opposition party New Democracy swept to victory in 12 out of 13 regions, including Attica. In Athens, Kostas Bakoyannis, son of former Mayor Dora Bakoyannis, won the mayoral election.
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Mayors running for US President: Their successes and policies. Seven serving and former mayors are seeking the Democratic nomination for President of the United States. It has been more than 100 years since the political career of a US President included a stint as mayor.
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America’s FBI, which warns that public corruption poses a threat to national security and the US way of life, has brought to justice thousands of elected officials, who used their positions to enrich themselves. Among those convicted are leaders of some of the largest US cities.
MORE


The 2018 World Mayor Project was dedicated to women in local government. World Mayor showed what female mayors accomplish all over the world. Their achievements will encourage more women to consider a career in local government and inspire them to run for office. MORE



In London and several metropolitan areas, England’s cities are led by elected Mayors, while in all but 15 of the 317 local councils in England are run by a Council Leader elected by their fellow councillors. Since 2002 a number have been led by mayors elected directly by local voters. MORE


Spatial planning and development in the US is quite different from Europe in many regards. One of the biggest difference between planning in the US and Europe is that spatial planning and development in the US is almost exclusively a local government responsibility. MORE

Mayors running for US President:
Their
accomplishments & policies

Politics:
Among the 24 candidates seeking the Democratic nomination for President of the United States are seven serving and former mayors. The three serving mayors are New York City’s Bill De Blasio, South Bend’s Pete Buttigieg and Miramar’s Wayne Messam. The list of former mayors includes Cory Booker (Newark), Julian Castro (San Antonio), John Hickenlooper (Denver) and Bernie Sanders (Burlington). Should one of the seven candidates succeed all the way to the White House, he would only be the fourth mayor to do so in the country’s history. It has been more than 100 years since the political career of a US President included a stint as mayor. The last mayor whose career path took him to the White House was Calvin Coolidge who, prior to serving as Governor of Massachusetts and US President was Mayor of Northampton (MA). Of all 45 American Presidents only three were ever mayors before occupying the highest office in the country. MORE



Son of former Athens Mayor wins
Greek capital’s mayoral election

Metro News:
In local elections, held on 2 June 2019, candidates of Greece’s conservative opposition party New Democracy (ND) swept to victory in 12 out of 13 regions including Attica, the country’s most populous region. New Democracy also won the mayoral election in Athens but failed to take Thessaloniki, Greece’s second-largest city. In Athens, the conservative mayoral candidate Kostas Bakoyannis won with more than 65 per cent of the vote. The 41-year-old comes from an old political family. His mother Dora was Athens mayor from 2003 until 2006, when she was appointed foreign minister. In 2005 she was awarded the World Mayor Prize. Across the country, the ND conservatives were victorious in 152 out of 332 Greek municipalities. MORE



Opposition parties unite
in fight for Istanbul

Metro News: Following the widely criticised cancellation of last month’s mayoral elections in Istanbul, Turkey’s main opposition parties will unite behind one candidate in the re-scheduled contest. The country’s electoral authority (YSK) has ordered that the vote for Mayor of Istanbul to be rerun, after the 31 March vote was narrowly won by Ekrem Imamoglu from the opposition Republican People’s Party. Turkish President Recep Erdogan argued that the margin of votes was too small for the opposition party win to be valid. The President’s Justice and Development Party filed a motion to nullify the elections, claiming irregularities. A party spokesman said that a margin of only 13,000 votes in a city as large as Istanbul (population 15m, electorate 8m) was too close to be fair. The electoral authority had initially confirmed the victory of the CHP candidate but then came under ‘extraordinary’ pressure from the AKP to reverse its decision. MORE



Mayors of largest US cities:
Democrats are in control
Government: There are 19,429 municipal governments in the United States. Many small towns use the council-manager system (most counties are run this way) and those that don’t, have a weak mayor-council system. Almost all large US cities have strong mayor systems. Following the November 2018 mid-term elections, two thirds of the largest US cities are governed by Democrat mayors. Republican mayors rule in 23 per cent of US cities, while some ten per cent of mayors of large cities describe themselves as independent. 2019 EDITION


Local government in England
and mayors of cities and regions

Mayors: In London and several metropolitan areas, England’s cities are led by elected Mayors, while in all but 15 of the 317 local councils in England are run by a Council Leader elected by their fellow councillors. Since 2002 a number have been led by mayors elected directly by local voters. Most of the local authority elected mayors in England have responsibility for all local services, with two district council mayors responsible for only environment, planning and housing. In London and the metro area Combined Authorities, the Mayor is responsible for transport, economic development, skills and spatial planning, as well as other fields as devolved.  All England’s elected mayors are elected on four-year terms by the instant run-off Supplementary Vote. There are no elected mayors in Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland. FULLY UPDATED 2019 EDITION


Belgian local government
and mayors of largest cities

Mayors: In addition to three regions and three cultural communities, Belgium is also divided into 10 provinces and 589 municipalities. The provincial governments are primarily administrative units and are politically weak. A governor appointed by the King presides over each province. Each governor is supported by an elected Provincial Council of 47 to 84 members (depending on the size of the province), which sits only four weeks a year. Municipal governments, on the other hand, are vigorous political entities with significant powers and a history of independence dating from medieval times. 2019 EDITION


Corrupt US mayors pose a
threat to decency in society

Society: The preamble to the City Mayors’ Code of Ethics states that honest local government is the foundation of any nation that strives to provide its citizens with happiness, security and prosperity. It continues to say that corruption and misconduct by local government officials threaten fundamental decency in a society. America’s Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), which warns that public corruption poses a fundamental threat to national security and the US way of life, has over the past four decades brought to justice thousands of elected officials, who used their positions to enrich themselves. Among those convicted are leaders of some of the largest US cities, including Nashville, Detroit, New Orleans or Baltimore, but also many mayors from small-town America. FULL REPORT


2019 Editions of mayors of largest
cities of Canada, Japan and Poland

Mayors: In Canada, cities and towns are considered creatures of provincial and territorial governments, existing by provincial and territorial legislation. Provinces and territories can create, modify, or eliminate a municipality as they see fit. ||| In Japan, The nature and role of local government is codified in the Local Autonomy Law issued under the post-war Constitution of Japan of 1947, which guarantees local autonomy against the national government, who retain a degree of control over localities through subsidies. ||| Rural districts and urban municipalities are Poland’s third level of local government. Counties are usually divided into several types of districts (gminy): urban, mixed urban-rural and entirely rural. In all three types of districts, voters directly elect local councillors and mayors. Mayors in cities with more than 400,000 people are called city presidents. CANADIAN MAYORS ||| JAPANESE MAYORS ||| POLISH MAYORS |||


In the US, cities lead
in fighting poverty

Society: Income inequality and social mobility generate intense discussion in the United States. A number of recent studies suggest that people at the bottom of the income ladder are unlikely to climb very far over the next twenty or more years; in fact, they will likely see the gap widen between them and the next rung of the ladder. Poverty in the US, it seems, is persistent, if not intractable. Many cities are inspired by the success of New York City’s anti-poverty program. Between 2013 and 2016 the number of New Yorkers in poverty or near poverty (the percentage living below 150% of the city’s poverty threshold) decreased by 141,000, and the city is on pace to reach its target of moving 800,000 people out of poverty or near poverty by 2025. MORE


The ups and downs of Amazon’s
search for a second headquarter

Economics: When Amazon announced that the New York City borough of Queens would be the location of a major new investment by the company in November 2018, the news could reasonably have been expected to have been met with a shrug. After all, Amazon’s promised 25,000 new jobs over 20 years, or an average of 1,250 jobs per year, are a drop in a bucket in a City that is projected to add 170,000 jobs annually through 2024. Even if all the growth were concentrated in Queens (population 2.4 million), the new jobs and new residents could likely be accommodated and major disruptions avoided with proper planning. Instead, Amazon’s announcement provoked heated debate around issues of inequality and local control. MORE


Spatial Planning in the USA:
Economic growth is of
paramount importance
Development: Spatial planning and development in the US is quite different from Europe in many regards.  One of the biggest differences between planning in the US and Europe is that spatial planning and development in the US is almost exclusively a local government responsibility. Spatial planning and development does not happen in a vacuum, of course. It is part of a whole socio-economic environment. Federal government policies on taxation, workers’ rights, property rights, etc. impose limits on what can be done. But the local government context is extremely important for understanding modernization in the US. MORE


Richest and most expensive
cities in the world

• Swiss cities are expensive but residents enjoy strong purchasing power.
• The price of a cup of coffee varies from US$6.40 in Doha to $0.62 in Lagos.
• A Big Mac is most affordable in Hong Kong
Economics: Zurich, Geneva, Oslo, Copenhagen and New York City are the five most expensive cities in the world, with Tokyo, Milan, London, Chicago and Helsinki completing the top ten. The ‘Prices and Earnings Survey’, conducted by the Swiss financial institution UBS every three years, measures how much people earn and how much the items in their average shopping basket cost. While Zurich and Geneva may seem expensive to visitors, the cities residents, because of high earnings, enjoy some of the highest purchasing power in the word. The world’s highest average earnings are enjoyed in Geneva, Zurich, Luxembourg, Los Angles and Copenhagen. For example in Zurich, the average office employee has to work only 13 minutes to be able to afford a Big Mac. A New Yorker has to toil for 15 minutes to pay for a hamburger, while in Nairobi, the city with the lowest purchasing power, the average resident has to spend more than two hours at work to be able to afford a Big Mac. MORE


The World Mayor Project honours
women mayors from around the world

World Mayor: The 2018 World Mayor Project was dedicated to women in local government. It featured the achievements of women mayors from across the world and honours the best of them. The all-women long- and shortlists included mayors from towns and cities of all sizes who have served with integrity, determination and imagination. The 2018 World Mayor Prize and Commendations as well as the title Mayors of Distinction were conferred on female mayors who have instigated outstanding and long-lasting improvements to their communities and contributed new thinking to local government. The mayors' achievements are recognised beyond their cities and even countries. Winner of the 2018 World Mayor Prize: Valeria Mancinelli, Mayor of Ancona, Italy. World Mayor Commendations awarded to: Ros Jones, Mayor of Doncaster, UK; Nathalie Appéré, Mayor of Rennes, France; Charlotte Britz, Mayor of Saarbrücken, Germany; Beng Climaco, Mayor of Zamboanga City, Philippines. 2018 Mayors of Distinction: Henriette Reker, Mayor of Cologne, Germany; Betsy Prize, Mayor of Fort Worth, USA; Martine Aubry, Mayor of Lille, France; Anne Hidalgo, Mayor of Paris, France; Jasna Gabric, Mayor of Trbovlje, Slovenia; Souad Abderrahim, Mayor of Tunis, Tunesia. FULL RESULTS


Massacres in schools and churches
will not change America’s gun culture

Society: Deadly shootings in schools, churches or shopping malls do not deter Americans from buying and owning guns. Research by the Pew Research Center, conducted in 2017, reveals that some 30 per cent of American adults own at least one gun, with another 11 per cent living with someone who does. According to Pew, gun ownership is more common among men than women, and white men are particularly likely to be gun owners. Among those living in rural areas, 46 per cent say they are gun owners, compared with 28 per cent of those who live in the suburbs and 19 per cent in urban areas. There are also significant differences across parties, with Republican and Republican-leaning independents more than twice as likely as Democrats and those who lean Democratic to say they own a gun (44% vs. 20%). FULL 2018 REPORT


International comparison of
voter turnout in mayoral elections

Politics: Voters’ interest in municipal affairs is at an all-time low in the US. Research in 2017 and 2018 shows that mayoral elections in some the largest American cities attract seldom more than 30 per cent of people eligible to vote. In Dallas only six per cent of voters took part in the mayoral election. In Britain, the first group of English regional mayors, who have considerably political and economic clout, was elected in May 2017 and 2018 by a decidedly unenthusiastic electorate. Voter participation in German mayoral elections is usually between 40 and 50 per cent, while in Italy turnout between 50 and 60 per cent is not uncommon. In Japan, the average voter turnout in the 62 mayoral elections in 2015 stood at a record low of 50.5 per cent, Voter participation in German mayoral elections is usually between 40 and 50 per cent, while in Italy turnout between 50 and 60 per cent is not uncommon. MORE


Japanese mayors receive
upper management salaries

Economics: Mayors in Japan are typically among the highest earners in their municipal government with a salary that is comparable to that of upper-middle management in a large firm. Topping the table of highest earning mayors is Fumiko Hayashi of Yokohama City who receives an annual salary of ¥19.2 million, while at the other end of the scale Takashi Kawamura of Nagoya receives just over a quarter of this figure with an annual pay packet of ¥5.3 million. There are numerous factors to take into account when gauging whether these salaries should be considered as relatively high or low when comparing with professions that offer similar pay. Japanese businesses often reward higher salaries and senior positions to employees on the basis of time served at the company. The 38-year-old Toshihito Kumagai of Chiba City, who is the youngest mayor on the list, should be considered as having a relatively high salary for his age bracket, given that the average age of a manager of a large company to reach the same salary would be 45 to 49 years old. MORE


The Big Mac Guide: Time at work
it takes to afford a Big Mac

Economics: The McDonald’s Big Mac hamburger is sold in some 120 countries around the world. Since it was first introduced in the US in 1967, it has become a truly global product. While in most Western countries the hamburger is an inexpensive convenient meal, for consumers in developing it is often a luxury compared to local dishes. People in cities such as Hong Kong, Tokyo, Zurich or Los Angeles need to work less than 15 minutes to be able to afford a Big Mac, while the cost of the McDonald’s hamburger in cities like Istanbul, Jakarta or Mexico City is higher than the average hourly wage. In Nairobi, hungry residents need to work for more than two hours to be able to pay for a Big Mac. MORE