Chicago Mayor Richard Daley: "Almost all the problems in big cities have their roots in the failure of the education system."



FRONT PAGE
SiteSearch
About us
Directories


Sustainable communities (UK)
Bi-national Öresund Region
2012 Olympics: East London
Linear cities
UK development finance
Business Improvement Districts
Lessons for urban Britain
Europe's cities and suburbs
Gated community Alphaville
Cities' future
Issues facing megacities
India's rapid urbanization
Saving energy by using contrast
Sustainable communities (Nordic)
Cities in the 21st century
Smart growth in US cities
Urbanisation - threats and benefits
Urbanisation - China
US mayors agree on Kyoto
USA: Demolition as planning tool
Cities at risk of flooding
Demolition of English homes
London government
Urban traffic in the US
US community grant eliminated
New Urbanism
Les Halles, Paris
Slow Cities
South Korean Intelligent Cities
Quality of life in Canadian cities
Urban slums


City Mayors reports news from towns and cities around the world. Worldwide | Elections | North America | Latin America | Europe | Asia | Africa | Events |


Mayors from The Americas, Europe. Asia, Australia and Africa are competing for the annual World Mayor Award. More


City Mayors ranks the world’s largest as well as richest cities and urban areas. It also ranks the cities in individual countries, and provides a list of the capital cities of some 200 sovereign countries. More


City Mayors reports political events, analyses the issues and depicts the main players. More


City Mayors describes and explains the structures and workings of local government in Europe, The Americas, Asia, Australia and Africa. More


City Mayors profiles city leaders from around the world and questions them about their achievements, policies and aims. More


City Mayors deals with economic and investment issues affecting towns and cities. More


City Mayors reports on how business developments impact on cities and examines cooperation between cities and the private sector. More


City Mayors describes and explains financial issues affecting local government. More


City Mayors lists and features urban events, conferences and conventions aimed at urban decision makers and those with an interst in cities worldwide. More


City Mayors reports urban environmental developments and examines the challenges faced by cities worldwide. More


City Mayors reports on and discusses urban development issues in developed and developing countries. More


City Mayors reports on developments in urban society and behaviour and reviews relevant research. More


City Mayors deals with urban transport issues in developed and developing countries and features the world’s greatest metro systems. More


City Mayors examines education issues and policies affecting children and adults in urban areas. More


City Mayors investigates health issues affecting urban areas with an emphasis on health in cities in developing countries. More


City Mayors examines the importance of urban tourism to city economies. More


City Mayors examines the contributions history and culture make to urban society and environment. More


City Mayors describes the history, architecture and politics of the greatest city halls in the world. More


City Mayors invites readers to write short stories about people in cities around the world. More


City Mayors questions those who govern the world’s cities and talks to men and women who contribute to urban society and environment. More


City Mayors profiles national and international organisations representing cities as well as those dealing with urban issues. More


City Mayors reports on major national and international sporting events and their impact on cities. More


City Mayors lists cities and city organisations, profiles individual mayors and provides information on hundreds of urban events. More

British government explores new ideas
to strengthen sustainable communities

By Brian Baker

12 February 2005: A fresh initiative to encourage English cities to consider introducing an executive mayor structure was announced at the British Government’s Sustainable Communities summit in Manchester at the beginning of February 2005. The conference also heard from Chicago Mayor Richard Daley who emphasized the importance of schools in creating healthy neighbourhoods and London Mayor Ken Livingstone who spoke of the need to build affordable housing for key workers.

The British Government and local authorities will consider proposals to create more mayors with more powers to transform cities. They will be part of a package of strengthening the role of councils in leading their areas and of individual councillors as the leaders and advocates of their neighbourhoods and communities. 

At the summit, Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott, who has been a skeptic about elected mayors, spoke about the ideas during a panel discussion, which also featured Chicago Mayor Richard Daley, one of the keynote speakers.

Whilst emphasising that any model of local governance can only achieve improvement if leaders secure community cohesion, the Deputy Prime Minister said that executive mayors might be one way to go and have a role in cities of over 250,000 population. “Both systems (mayor and state) can provide an enabling framework," he added.

After seven of the first 11 elected mayors in England turned out to be independents the Government and the ruling Labour Party soft-pedalled on the reform.

Chicago Mayor Daley emphasised the importance of local schools in creating healthy neighbourhoods.  In Chicago he took the decision to ask the electorate to allow him to take overall responsibility for the city’s schools from the school districts. “The local school is the single most important factor in a neighbourhood. Almost all the problems in big cities have their roots in the failure of the education system. We have now raised the level of ours to the national average,” the Mayor said.

Chicago has supported the educational emphasis by building or remodelling 44 local libraries in the last ten years. eight are opening this year.

Mr Daley also emphasised city beautification in his speech to almost 2,000 delegates. “ We have planted 400,000 trees since l became mayor and are a pioneer in the use of rooftop gardens. Over 100 of these are now constructed or planned. They have a good psychological effect. Trees and flowers and amenities soften cities.”

“Sustainable communities cannot be built by Government alone,” the Chicago Mayor said. “ As mayor l engage in constant persuasion. But a city that neglects streets and infrastructure does so at its peril.” 

Mr Prescott said that during the UK’s Presidency of the EU in the second half of 2005 the Government would promote a Europe wide framework for creating places where people want to live. “ This would be especially beneficial for cities in Eastern Europe.”

The newly established Academy for Sustainable Communities, to be based in Leeds, will be intervening in developing the integrated skills needed to built and support sustainable communities. It will have an international role as a centre of excellence. “It will have a strong European outlook and will work closely with the Congress of New Urbanism in the United States,” Mr Prescott said.

Former Milwaukee Mayor John Norquist, now President of the Congress for New Urbanism, told delegates that the problem with the wow factor was that too much is put on it. “Across the US, cities are building Convention Centres and Stadiums to overcome decline. The real way to do that is to build mixed use neighbourhoods,” he explained.

London Mayor Ken Livingstone joined with the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and national regeneration agency English Partnerships at the summit to promote a key-workers housing initiative based on achieving a construction cost of £60,000 (US$110,000) for a new town house for families using off-site construction. A demonstration home built for that sum was exhibited at the event.

English Partnerships has made 15 sites available for up to 4,000 homes in London on this basis. Some will be sold to key worker first time buyers leasehold at the construction price with the public sector retaining land ownership. Mayor Livingstone intends to use sites in London Development Agency and Transport for London ownership which would otherwise be sold off to provide a similar number of new homes. 


The results for World Mayor 2010 were announced on 7 December 2010


Introducing
World Mayor

The City Mayors Foundation, the international think tank on urban affairs, organises the World Mayor Project and awards the World Mayor Prize. The Prize, which has been given since 2004, honours mayors with the vision, passion and skills to make their cities incredible places to live in, work in and visit. The World Mayor Project aims to show what outstanding mayors can achieve and raise their profiles nationally and internationally. Mayors wishing to be considered for the Prize are asked to sign up to the City Mayors Code of Ethics.

The organisers of the World Mayor Project are looking for city leaders who excel in qualities like: leadership and vision, management abilities and integrity, social and economic awareness, ability to provide security and to protect the environment as well as the will and ability to foster good relations between communities from different cultural, racial and social backgrounds. Winners receive the World Mayor Prize, while the first and second runners-up receive the World Mayor Commendation.

Winners and runners-up
2004 to 2010:

In 2004: Winner: Edi Rama (Tirana); Runner-up: Andrés Manuel López Obrador (Mexico City}; In third place - Walter Veltroni (Rome)
In 2005: Winner – Dora Bakoyannis (Athens); Runner-up - Hazel McCallion (Mississauga); In third place - Alvaro Arzú (Guatemala City)
In 2006: Winner – John So (Melbourne); Runner up – Job Cohen (Amsterdam); In third place - Stephen Reed (Harrisburg)
In 2008: Winner – Helen Zille (Cape Town); Runner up - Elmar Ledergerber (Zurich); In third place - Leopoldo López (Chacao)
In 2010: Winner - Marcelo Ebrard (Mexico City); First runner-up - Mick Cornett (Oklahoma City); Second runner-up - Domenico Lucano (Riace) More